The presence of varicose veins is very common especially in women and usually occurs in the lower part of the body, especially in the legs. In addition to being an aesthetic problem, sometimes it can cause discomfort and even some people need medical or surgical treatment to eliminate them.
The electrostimulation is indicated in some cases as a treatment for varicose veins, avoid their appearance or the causes that produce them, but it is essential the indication of a doctor before starting the sessions.
If you have a genetic predisposition to them, exercise and electrofitness can delay their appearance and relieve your discomfort in case you already have them.
There are different types of varicose veins, as well as ways to treat them. Knowing the initial state of the patient, the factors that have intervened in their appearance, their physical characteristics or their clinical history is fundamental.
What are varicose veins?
Varicose veins or chronic venous insufficiency are inflamed veins due to an abnormal accumulation in the blood caused by a weakness of the walls and valves of the superficial veins.
The veins widen and dilate, causing the blood to accumulate and to reverse. That is, the valves of the veins are responsible for circulating the blood to the heart and preventing its return down. However, when these valves do not fulfill their function and the blood flow in the opposite direction towards the feet, the veins dilate and produce swelling, heaviness, edema and in some cases, more serious, up to phlebitis or thrombosis.
Causes of the appearance of varicose veins
Varicose veins usually appear for different reasons, but there are some risk factors that contribute to their presence.
The valves responsible for blood flow may be defective. If these do not work correctly by exerting the function of returning blood to the heart, varicose veins are produced. In this case, people with a familiarity are more likely to develop them.
Overweight people are more likely to have varicose veins, due to increased blood in the legs and difficulty returning to the heart.
Thrombi or blood clots hinder circulation and are common when we spend long periods of bed rest, for example, after an operation. Therefore, doctors usually administer anticoagulants to these people to prevent the formation of thrombi.
Women during pregnancy are more prone to the appearance of varicose veins due to the pressure exerted by the uterus on blood vessels and weight gain. However, unless you have a genetic predisposition, these varicose veins usually disappear after childbirth.
The sedentary lifestyle
Spending a lot of time sitting or not exercising is counterproductive. The lack of activity of the muscles prevents them from helping to direct blood to the heart. That is why electrostimulation in the treatment of varicose veins can be helpful.
The fact of making more effort to defecate and to remain more time seated in the toilet causes an increase of the pressure in the abdomen and of the veins in that zone making difficult the exit of the blood of the legs. In constipated people, the appearance of varicose veins in the rectal area, known as hemorrhoids, is very frequent.
Stay long while sitting at work, taking contraceptives, age and sex (mainly affect women) are other risk factors.
Types of varicose veins
Varicose veins have different degrees at a medical level depending on their condition, the anatomy of the vein or its physiology.
In this sense, we would talk about four degrees of varicose veins:
The veins are visible in some areas through the skin, are thin and have a violet color. Its shape is what gives them the name of spider veins. Normally, these types of varicose veins do not cause pain, although they can cause leg heaviness.
In this state, you are in time to treat them so that they do not get worse, and exercise with electrostimulation can be effective for those varicose veins.
In this case, the veins are better perceived, and also the discomforts are greater. Cramps, tingling, heaviness and pain, itching ... are the most common symptoms.
It is important to treat them to prevent the veins from dilating and cause more serious health problems.
In this state the veins are more dilated and inflamed and the symptoms are more acute, with swelling, edema and even changes in skin color.
You will have to resort to some of the medical treatments that exist to treat them and it is possible that a doctor recommends you surgical intervention.
When the pain is already acute due to ulcers, pronounced swelling and wounds, you cannot make normal life if you don’t treat them. In this advanced state, it is best to intervene.
However, the phlebologist will be the specialist responsible for controlling and indicating the most appropriate treatment.
Although they are the four phases through which varicose veins pass, at a general level we speak of superficial varicose veins and truncal or collateral varicose veins. The former are only an aesthetic problem and usually do not cause serious inconvenience. The truncal are formed in the trunk instead of in the legs while the collateral could be a symptom of a venous return disorder and, therefore, both require treatment.
Treatments for varicose veins
The different applications that exist for chronic venous insufficiency will depend on the phase or their degree.
In some cases, they disappear completely, while in others it is possible to alleviate the discomfort and prevent a deterioration.
Whatever your degree, physical exercise and electrostimulation usually benefit, although in the most serious cases, they are not enough to solve the problem. The best thing is always to consult with the medical specialist that indicates how to treat them and what are the advantages and disadvantages of each one of the existing methods.
Doctors or drugs
The doctor may prescribe a series of drugs or medications in case of more severe varicose veins. Some as anticoagulants, corticosteroids, analgesics, anti-inflammatory and other specific to increase the tone of the venous wall and strengthen it.
If your varicose veins are only an aesthetic problem, but do not cause greater severity or discomfort, you can use medical-aesthetic treatments.
The problem will improve thanks to pressure therapy, cryotherapy, manual lymphatic drainage or electrotherapy.
When the problem is more serious, and the venous insufficiency cause other alterations, it will be necessary to operate.
There are different techniques for varicose veins at surgical level, as indicated by vascular surgeon Agustín Arroyo in Infosalus.
This expert talks about liquid and foam sclerotherapy, phlebectomy, CHIVA surgery, endothermal ablation with radiofrequency and endothermal mechanic-chemical ablation with Clarivein.
Electrostimulation and varicose veins
The activation of the circulation and the lymphatic system and the strengthening of the muscular mass, as well as the weight control avoiding obesity or an excess of kilos, are fundamental to keep this problem under control.
Therefore, electrostimulation can be an effective treatment for vascular spiders, in those cases in which they do not require surgical intervention.
The benefits obtained through electrofitness directly indicate the causes of chronic venous insufficiency. If you strengthen your muscles these can help the blood flow back to the heart preventing it from going down to the lower extremities.
On the other hand, we have already seen that obesity or excess weight is also a risk factor for the development of varicose veins. Thanks to the electrostimulation sessions, you will achieve an optimal weight.
However, the use of electrodes in cases of varicose veins can be a contraindication that should be monitored. Therefore, you should always consult your doctor before starting a training with electro-stimulators and never use them as a method to treat them without a prescription but as an alternative to prevention.
It is always recommended to ask the specialist to have a correct written and oral anamnesis if you want to use this method of stimulation, to fully enjoy its benefits.